Congenital adrenal hyperplasia


Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) refers to a group of genetic disorders that influence the adrenal glands, a couple of nuts on the kidneys. The adrenal glands produce important hormones, which include: cortisol, which regulates the body's response to the disease or stress, mineralocorticoids, such as Aldosterone, which regulate sodium and potassium levels, androgen, such as testosterone male sex hormones.

 In people who have CAH, a genetic problem translates into a lack of one of the enzymes necessary to achieve these hormones. There is no cure or adequate treatment, most people who have congenital adrenal hyperplasia can take normal screw. The most common cause of CAH is the lack of the enzyme known as 21-hydroxylase.  Sometimes CAH can be called 21-hydroxylase deficiency. There are other shortcomings of shorter enzymes that also cause CAH. Children who have conditions have two parents who have CAH themselves or who are bearers of genetic mutation that causes condition. This is known as the model of autosomal recessive heritage.

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